The CALA 2019

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'REVITALIZATION AND REPRESENTATION',
'ការបង្ហាញពីការធ្វើអោយមានជីវិតរស់ឡើងវិញ'

Diplomacy in Entertainment: Membership Categorization in a Thai Talk Show

Gabriele KASPER (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa)
Patharaorn PATHARAKORN (Chulalongkorn University)
Abstract ID: 283
Topic: Linguistic Anthropology
General Session Papers

Abstract

In news and entertainment media in the Asian region, ‘foreigners’ make an increasing appearance, for instance in the popular TV show Abnormal Summit in South Korea. Arguably the discursive representations of ‘foreigners’ in the media both reflect and shape contemporary culture and therefore invite the attention of linguistic anthropologists and researchers in cognate disciplines. A longstanding interest in the topic can be seen in Japan, where Nishizaka’s (1999) groundbreaking study on the discursive construction of the henna gaijin (‘weird foreigner’) in a radio show paved the way for recent research on the representation of ‘foreigners’ in TV talk shows (Fukuda, 2017) and variety shows (Furukawa, 2016). Our study extends this line of investigation to the broadcast media landscape of Thailand. Specifically we examine a segment in the variety show เจาะข่าวตื้น (‘Shallow News in Depth’) on the YouTube channel Spoke DarkTV that features an interview between the show’s host and a prominent foreign diplomat. Adopting the theoretical and methodological perspectives of Membership Categorization Analysis (Fitzgerald & Housley, 2015; Sacks, 1972) and multimodal Conversation Analysis (Goodwin, 2000; Mondada, 2014), we will show how the participants collaboratively treat the guest as incumbent of a variety of categories that evoke his epistemic authority in diverse domains and reflexively produce different activities during the show. The categorizations are accomplished through sequentially mobilized multisemiotic practices and enhanced for the viewing audience through sound effects and impact captions.

References

Fitzgerald, R., & Housley, W. (Eds.) (2015). Advances in membership categorization analysis. Los Angeles: Sage.

Fukuda, C. (2017). Gaijin performing gaijin (‘A foreigner performing a foreigner’): Co-construction of foreigner stereotypes in a Japanese talk show as a multimodal phenomenon.  Journal of Pragmatics, 109, 12–28.

Furukawa, G. K. (2016). ‘It hurts to hear that.’: Representing the feelings of foreigners on  Japanese television. In M. T. Prior & G. Kasper (Eds.), Emotion in multilingual interaction (pp. 237–265). Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Goodwin, C. (2000). Action and embodiment within situated human interaction. Journal of  Pragmatics, 32, 1489–1522.

Mondada, L. (2014). The local constitution of multimodal resources for social interaction.  Journal of Pragmatics, 65, 137–156.

Nishizaka, A. (1999). Doing interpreting within interaction: the interactive accomplishment of a ‘henna gaijin’’ or ‘‘strange foreigner’’. Human Studies, 22, 235–251.

Sacks, H. (1972). An initial investigation of the usability of conversational data for doing sociology. In D. Sudnow (Ed.), Studies in social interaction (pp. 31–74). New York: Free Press.

Contact


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Ph: (+855) 23 986 909
E: cala2019@puc.edu.kh

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Conference on Asian Linguistic Anthropology, the CALA 2019, Pannasastra University of Cambodia
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